Tuesday, 26 March 2024 00:00

Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment of Bunions

Bunions, technically known as hallux valgus, are bony bumps that form at the base of the big toe joint. They are caused by a structural problem within the foot bones, often the metatarsophalangeal, or MTP, joint. This causes the big toe to angle toward the second toe instead of pointing straight ahead, leading to discomfort and mobility issues. While genetics play a role in the development of bunions, factors like overpronation, foot injuries, arthritis, and nerve or muscle conditions can contribute to bunion development. Symptoms include pain, inflammation, and difficulty wearing certain shoes. Conservative treatment, like supportive footwear and pain-relieving medication, are initial options. Cortisone injections may be used for swelling and pain. However, when conservative measures fail, surgical intervention may be necessary to realign the joint and relieve pain. Bunion surgery is typically reserved for severe cases where pain and deformity persist despite other treatments. If you're experiencing bunion pain, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist who can provide personalized treatment options.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact one of our podiatrists of Southwest Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.


  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development


  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Dallas, and Carrollton, TX . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about What Are Bunions?

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